A draft Peace proposal
"Now, more than at any other time, the struggle for peace
must not stop. The following declaration of principles is a proposal for
joint Israeli-Palestinian discussion. It should not be considered a
We went into details in order to express our conviction that all the issues
at stake the components of the conflict can be resolved. Not by diktats, not
by an overbearing master-and-servant attitude, but by negotiations between
The government and the army leadership are leading us into a hell of blood
and fire. We call upon all peace-seekers in Israel to unite for the future
of the two peoples of this country, Jewish Israelis and Palestinian Arabs.
The country has given birth to us as twins."
Between the State of Israel and the Palestine Liberation
Organization, the Representative of the Palestinian People.
Whereas both parties wish to end the historical conflict between them,
establish peace and bring about a historical conciliation between the two
And whereas both parties wish to base the peace on the principles of
self-determination, mutual respect, justice and equality,
And whereas both parties acknowledge the principle of "two states for two
And whereas both parties accept UN resolutions 242, 338 and 194 as the basis
for a solution and regard the implementation of the agreement below as the
full realization of these resolutions,
It is agreed by both parties:
Section 1: The End of the Occupation.
Within one year, the Israeli occupation, in all its manifestations and
functions, in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, including Arab East
Jerusalem, will come to an end.
Section 2: The State of Palestine.
Within one year, the independent and sovereign State of Palestine will be
established on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, including Arab East
Jerusalem, the part of the Dead Sea that borders the Palestinian shore and
the territorial waters of the Gaza Strip.
Section 3: Borders
The border between the State of Israel and the State of Palestine will be
the cease-fire lines as they existed on June 4th 1967 (hereinafter: the
Green Line), unless stipulated otherwise in this agreement.
The State of Palestine will have full sovereign control of all its border
crossings on land, sea and air.
Both parties wish that the border between them should be open, with
unrestricted passage of people and goods, within the framework of the
economic and border-passing arrangements to be agreed upon by the parties.
Section 4: Jerusalem.
Both parties acknowledge the uniqueness of the City of Jerusalem and declare
their intention to preserve it as a single urban unit, open to all.
The Arab neighborhoods of the city, according to the map attached, will be
an integral part of the State of Palestine and will serve as its capital.
These areas of the city will be connected to each other and to the State of
Palestine as a single, continuous, territorial entity.
The Jewish neighborhoods of the city, according to the map attached, will be
an integral part of the State of Israel and will serve as its capital. These
areas of the city will be connected to each other and to the State of Israel
as a single, continuous, territorial entity.
The Jewish quarter of the Old City will be part of the State of Israel and
will be attached to its territory. The Muslim, Christian and Armenian
quarters of the Old City will be part of the State of Palestine.
There will be no barriers or obstacles preventing unrestricted passage
between the two parts of the City. Both parties will establish border
checkpoints, if they so decide, at the entrances/exits of the City.
The municipality of the Palestinian Jerusalem and the municipality of the
Israeli Jerusalem will establish a joint council, based on the principle of
equality, to manage the shared municipal services. The council will be
headed by the chairman of the council and his/her deputy, one of whom will
be Israeli and the other Palestinian. They will rotate their positions after
two years. The first assignment will be determined by lot.
Section 5: Holy Sites.
Both parties acknowledge the uniqueness of the Holy Sites and their
importance to the believers of the three monotheistic religions.
The area of the Haram al-Sharif (Temple Mount) will be part of the State of
The Western Wall (the part also called "the Wailing Wall") will be part of
the State of Israel.
All archeological or other excavations in the area of the Haram al-Sharif
(the Temple Mount), the Western Wall or in their immediate vicinity shall be
undertaken by mutual consent.
Section 6: Exchange of Territory.
Exchange of territories can be effected by agreement between both parties.
Section 7: Extra-territorial Roads.
A highway will be constructed between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip and
it will belong to the State of Palestine. The highway will not be connected
to the Israeli road network at any point and will pass either above or below
Section 8: Security.
Both parties have the right to national and personal security.
Both parties renounce the use of force and the threat of force against each
Both parties undertake to combat terrorism and terrorist initiatives
organized in one state against the other, its residents and institutions.
Both parties undertake to prevent the entry of any foreign military force
into their territories. Any contravention of this section by either state
will grant the other state the right to take any measures required for
The State of Palestine undertakes to refrain from arming itself with heavy
offensive weapons for 25 years. This obligation will become void if peace
treaties are signed between Israel and the Arab states.
Both parties will come to an agreement regarding the usage of each other's
Section 9: The Settlements.
Residents of the settlements located in territory that is to become part of
the State of Palestine will be evacuated from the territory before the end
of the Israeli occupation.
The settlements will be transferred intact to the Palestinian authorities,
without any damage inflicted on buildings or other immovable property. The
property evacuated by the settlers will be considered part of Israel's
contribution to the rehabilitation of the Palestinian refugees (as specified
heretofore in section 11.)
Section 10: Water.
The water resources of the entire land between the river Jordan and the
Mediterranean belong to both parties.
A Supreme Israeli-Palestinian Committee will be appointed and will be
responsible for water resources and distribution. Water will be allocated
justly and equally, on the basis of the numerical proportion of residents in
Both parties will cooperate in projects for the development of additional
water resources, such as desalination of seawater.
Section 11: Refugees.
Both parties agree that the human tragedy of the Palestinians must be
resolved by a moral, just, practicable and agreed-upon solution that takes
into consideration the character and essential needs of the two states.
Israel acknowledges its central responsibility for the creation of this
tragedy during the course of the wars of 1948 and 1967. Both parties will
establish a "truth commission" of historians - Israeli, Palestinian and
international - that will examine the precise causes that lead to the
creation of the problem in all its aspects, and will issue an objective,
conclusive report within three years. This report will be incorporated into
the schoolbooks of both states.
Israel acknowledges the principle of the Right of Return as a basic human
According to this right, every refugee will be accorded the choice between
compensation and permanent settlement in another country, return to the
State of Palestine or return to Israeli, according to the following
(1) In order to heal the historical wound and as an act of justice, Israel
will allow the return into its territory of a certain number of refugees,
which will be decided by agreement. The returnees will be allowed back under
a reasonable annual quota within a time limit not exceeding 10 years.
(2) A generous level of compensation will be determined for each refugee for
property that remained in Israel, loss of opportunities, etc. The
compensation will be paid by an international fund. Israel will contribute
an appropriate portion to this fund, taking into account the value of
Palestinian property that remained in Israel.
(3) Israel will use its influence with the international fund so that the
Palestinian state will be enabled to absorb refugees who chose to return to
it, as well as refugees currently residing in the West Bank and the Gaza
Strip, by providing suitable housing and employment opportunities.
Section 12: Implementation of UN Resolutions.
Upon full implementation of sections 1 to 9, both parties will present a
formal joint statement to the UN Security Council, declaring that both
parties consider resolutions 242 and 338 fully realized. Upon full
implementation of section 11, both parties will present a declaration to the
UN that resolution 194 has been realized
Section 13: Differences of Opinion.
An agreed-upon international committee will monitor the implementation of
this agreement and act as arbitrator in the case of differences of opinion.
Section 14: End of the Conflict.
Full implementation of this agreement will constitute the end of the
conflict between Israel and Palestine.
Letters of support, remarks and contributions to pay for
this advertisement to: Gush Shalom, P.O.Box 3322, Tel-Aviv 61033, Israel,