ARTICLES IN THIS EDITION:
1. Time for them to speak
by Akiva Eldar
Commenting on a recent study of Palestinian refugees in the Jalazun Camp,
Akiva Eldar notes the recommendation "that representatives of the refugees
be included in all internal Palestinian discussions of their fate, as well
as in efforts to find a solution to their problems."
(Source: Ha’aretz, June 9, 2006)
2. 2006 – Breakthroughs yes, but no peace
by Daoud Kuttab
[Despite the setback in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process] Daoud Kuttab
still expects "that some time in the next six months to one year, we will
witness some major breakthroughs in the conflict" as a result of "different
local and regional developments."
(Source: Arab Media Internet Network - AMIN.org, June 16, 2006)
3. Qassam Logic; Israel must take the lead by David Kellen
Pointing out that "drastic responses don’t work in our conflict" David
Kellen calls on Israel "to avoid a third intifada…and renew the ceasefire.
…the only effective solution against the Qassam rocket is diffusing it
before it’s fired."
(Source: Ynet, June 14, 2006)
4. Behind the veils of Hamas by Khaled Duzdar
Khaled Duzdar calls on the new Hamas government to "reach a consensus on a
realistic Palestinian strategy and policies for the future" that will
advance "what most Palestinians want – the creation of an independent,
sovereign, viable state that will live in peace with its neighbors."
(Source: Israeli Palestinian Center for Research and Information (IPCRI)
News Service, June 1, 2006)
5. One bowl serves many by Rachel Shabi
Rachel Shabi writes about an Israeli/Palestinian art exhibition in Tel-Aviv
that is spreading a message of peace, reconciliation and tolerance. As one
visitor commented "it is so much the opposite of what is happening on a
political level. I can’t tell you how much of a strong impact that has on
(Source: Al Jazeera.net, May 16, 2006)
yes, but no peace
Daoud Kuttab *
Jerusalem. - At the close of last year, I was commissioned by
an international NGO called Search for Common Ground to write about my
expectations of the new year. United Press International ran my piece under
the title "2006, year of hope".
My piece began with this quote: "Political changes in Palestine and Israel,
as well as changes in attitudes in both societies and in the international
community, provide a rare glimmer of hope that important changes on the
ground are a serious possibility."
In the article I argued that radical ideologies are being sidelined in
favour of those representing the political centre. I gave the example of the
creation of Kadima and Sharon’s breakaway from the hardline Likud, the rise
of Marwan Barghouthi’s pragmatism and the weakening of the neoconservatives
in the US. I even reflected on some moderating hints coming from Hamas in
the run up to the elections.
My piece was concluded with the following quote: "With radical ideologies
being discarded in return for pragmatic policies, one hopes that 2006 will
not only witness a considerable reduction in violence but will also see some
genuine political breakthroughs that can put the region on the right track
after years of turmoil and failed attempts at a historic reconciliation,
peace and tranquility."
The Palestinian political collapse during the past three months since the
parliamentary victory of Hamas, the internal fighting between Hamas and
Fateh and the recent violent escalation in the Gaza Strip make what I wrote
six months ago seem completely unrealistic.
While I might be willing to agree I was mistaken in predicting the future, I
am not yet willing to completely throw in the towel about the future. I
still think that some time in the next six months to one year, we will
witness some major breakthroughs in the conflict.
My expectations of a breakthrough stem from different local and regional
developments. Internationally, the push for some kind of resolution has
never been greater. US President George W. Bush, in his second term, and
British Prime Minister Tony Blair, in his last year, would love nothing
better than to clean their Iraqi record with some kind of accomplishment in
the Palestine-Israel conflict. Regionally, the Arab League, and neighbouring
Arab countries like Egypt and Jordan (and to a lesser degree Lebanon) are
also pushing to see a breakthrough.
Locally, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert’s so-called convergence plan
seems to be collecting steam even though Bush and Blair have not given him
total support. The Olmert plan is putting major pressure on the nationalist
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas who understands the importance of time.
Olmert has made it clear that Israel will not wait forever. On the other
hand, Hamas is clearly not worried about time. Several Islamic officials
have stated publicly that unlike Fateh, which is interested in a quick end
to the occupation, the Islamists are not so keen. This statement is based on
the Islamists’ understanding that at present, the balance of force is not in
favour of the Palestinians and therefore any solution now will not be the
best one for Palestinians.
Of course, this talk is being overshadowed by the sudden escalation of the
internal Palestinian fighting and the potential of a civil war of varied
intensities. Abbas’ brilliant referendum proposal is aimed at forcing Hamas
to take a decision one way or another. One way might be the acceptance of
the three international conditions, the other might be dissolving the
Haniyeh government and creating some kind of emergency government. The more
the pressure mounts for either the more escalation of the internal fighting
there will be, as well as attempts at diverting attention by attacks against
the Israelis. The escalation of the internal and external fighting could
lead to a breakthrough.
But a political breakthrough this year doesn’t necessarily translate into
peace. While acceptance by Hamas of the existence of Israel could help Abbas
negotiate with the Israelis rather than allow the Israelis to act
unilaterally, it is unlikely to lead to a comprehensive solution.
The weakness of the Palestinian strategic position in the balance of force
with Israel is unlikely to help Abbas reach an equitable solution. On the
other hand, a unilateral Israeli withdrawal from parts of the West Bank will
provide some short-term relief by having the checkpoints removed for
internal travel, but unless it is done in direct cooperation with the
Palestinians and with the possibility of free travel to Jordan, it will not
produce any long-term relief.
2006 might be bloody at present and a breakthrough is still a possibility,
but it is hard to predict any peaceful outcome within the coming six months.
* Daoud Kuttab is a Palestinian columnist, and the
director of the Institute of Modern Media at Al-Quds University. This
article is distributed by the Common Ground News Service (CGNews) and can be
Source: Amin.org, June 16, 2006
Visit AMIN Online: http://www.amin.org
Qassam Logic; Israel must take the lead
David Kellen *
Jerusalem - The Qassam rocket has never been more powerful than it is at
this exact moment. It’s no more accurate or explosive than in the past, but
with Israel’s hands tied as we investigate the accidental obliteration of
almost an entire family, Hamas and Islamic Jihad are able to fire the
rockets unfettered on the poor citizens of Sderot. The situation has many
Israelis seething for a response. One of them is MK Avigdor Lieberman.
In an interview on Reshet Bet radio Monday morning, Lieberman called for a
dramatic response to the Qassam launchers in Gaza such that the price of
each Qassam becomes so high that firing them is no longer "worthwhile."
Lieberman’s logic is essentially economic: increase the price, and the
demand will go down. The only trouble with it is that terrorism isn’t
motivated by the laws of the free market.
This kind of logic ignores two basics facts of the Israeli-Palestinian
conflict. First, there is a large number of Palestinians willing to give
their lives for the continuation of the violence. Not just to risk their
lives, but knowingly give them. Any logic that imagines that a bigger price
tag on the use of violence will decrease its demand is ridiculous. The
Palestinians are willing to pay whatever it takes.
Second, drastic responses don’t work in our conflict. The second intifada
saw several massive military incursions into the Gaza Strip and West Bank
(Defensive Shield, Days of Awe, Colorful Journey, etc.) that failed to
produce long-term reductions in violence. We may have temporarily crippled
the terror groups, but all of them invariably grew back stronger than ever.
Drastic force is nothing new and has never worked against the Palestinians.
And at this moment, when Hamas has cancelled the temporary calm and is
calling for renewed suicide bombings, the last thing we need is a headlong
dive into escalation that we know is only temporarily effective at best.
MK Lieberman doesn’t understand this, most likely because he doesn’t
understand why the Qassams are being fired in the first place. The
Palestinians believe they are fighting against oppression and occupation;
that they are fighting for their rights. That kind of commitment can’t be
snuffed out by turning northern Gaza into a buffer zone and tightening our
grip over the Palestinians’ daily lives. Those kinds of tactics will only
reinforce the perception of oppression and motivate continued violence.
Yes, the Palestinians are engaging in terrorism and yes, we have the right
to defend ourselves. But defending ourselves from Qassam rockets shouldn’t
come at the price of creating suicide bombers. Different solutions are
called for, solutions that reward the Palestinians for choosing peaceful
At this moment Ehud Olmert should do his utmost to bring us back from the
brink of renewed violence. That includes issuing a personal apology to the
Ralia family, making a direct appeal to PA President Abbas to bring calm and
safeguard impending negotiations, and the cessation of all targeted
assassinations (except for ticking bombs). It may not be our turn for
concessions, but we can expect neither restraint nor compromise if we fail
to show either.
If Israel wants to avoid a third intifada, then we’re going to have to take
the lead and renew the ceasefire, this time bilaterally. Renewed violence is
not in Hamas’ interest either, and with the help of a third party’s good
offices (e.g. Turkey or Russia), a ceasefire could be reached. Not because
we are weak and not because we are scared, but because it is in our best
interests; the only effective solution against the Qassam rocket is
diffusing it before it’s fired.
* David Kellen is a graduate student in Conflict Analysis, Management and
Resolution and researches peacekeeping operations at the Truman Institute.
David Kellen is also an intern at IPCRI - The Israel/Palestine Center for
Research and Information. This article is distributed by the Common Ground
News Service (CGNews) and can be accessed at www.commongroundnews.org.
Source: Ynet, June 14, 2006
Visit Ynet Online: www.ynet.co.il
Distributed by the Common Ground News Service.
Copyright permission has been obtained for publication.
Behind the Veils of Hamas
Khaled Duzdar *
Jerusalem - Once again, the domestic Palestinian Internal chaos and anarchy
has hit the headlines and the hearts of the Palestinian public. The
possibility of the coming Palestinian civil war has become the focal concern
and worry of all analysts and the Palestinian public. This internal
confrontation and challenges to authorities and powers in Gaza might
eventually lead the Palestinians to the worst future they ever envisaged.
The Palestinian public’s stand should be taken seriously in any dialogue
between the confronting parties, particularly when all public sectors have
taken the initiative and presented their vision for a unified Palestinian
position. All of these initiatives followed the same framework: rejecting
the deterioration of the situation and calling all parties to adopt a joint
political agenda that will achieve a viable, secure, and sustainable
Palestinian state, thus averting civil war.
Various Palestinian individuals, factions and organizations claim that the
two states solution is the only possible acceptable solution and that the
Palestinian National Declaration of Independence from November 1988 is the
best basis for any government. These initiatives are a clear call to the
Hamas government to adopt this Palestinian National vision and nothing else.
President Abbas was very right in stressing the need to go back to public
with a referendum regarding this issue in this sensitive and crucial stage.
The referendum might be the right and only possible tool to alleviate the
internal Palestinian dispute and the conflict between Hamas and Fateh. The
National Conciliation Document of the Prisoners has received wide public
support for presenting a united Palestinian stand, but it lacks vision. It
would be much more significant if the referendum would present a new joint
Palestinian strategic vision, or "a new Palestinian platform," outlining
Palestinian interests that could be used to promote a Palestinian platform
Public opinion polls indicate the preferences of the public’s needs and
insights. The ultimate support of the public was the pedestal behind the
President's statement to the national dialogue opening meeting. The need now
is to reach a consensus on a realistic Palestinian strategy and policies for
The outcome of the National dialogue has apparently not yet brought the
Palestinians anything more than a modest sign of good will between the
different factions. It seems that it did not achieve a consensus on the
basic conflict issues, and it does not look like it will present substantial
and sustainable solutions for the crisis.
At the same time, the new Hamas government and its Minister of Interior are
more determined to bring the situation to a bloody confrontation between the
two heads of the Palestinian Authority. For both Abbas and Haniyeh it is a
matter of "to be or not to be," a chance they should make the best use of.
The Minister of Interior is revisiting his previous wrong decision on
redeploying the so-called "support unit" in the streets of Gaza.
The mistaken decision of using unofficial forces to maintain security in
Gaza is wrong and it will not bring security for the Palestinian public.
This hasty decision came only as a challenge to Fateh and its affiliated
members. The message is that "Hamas and only Hamas are in power and control
the Authority." This has created the worst kind of situation that the
Palestinian public needs these days. The unasked and unanswered questions
remain, why do we need all of these armed militias in Gaza and who exactly
is the enemy there?
Governing the people doesn’t mean deploying armed guerillas in the streets
under the name of "creating security". The enforcement of law and order has
to be carried out by an official, legitimate, constitutionally-recognized
authority, not by those who are themselves considered outlaws.
The deployment of these well-armed guerillas has proven that Hamas has
worked intensively on their army. They have made great efforts to prepare
this army for defending Hamas and its existence. They used the period of
calm with Israel to do all their preparation in training and equipping it
with personnel and arms necessary for ruling the Palestinians. This army was
not prepared to fight the occupation; they were only prepared to fight the
Palestinian leadership and to take over from Fateh, the Palestinian
Authority, and the PLO.
President Abbas should be aware that the Palestinians do not need a new army
or "new Presidential force," which will only bring additional and
unnecessary financial burdens. The solution lies not in hiring more
fighters, certainly not while the Palestinian leadership is unable to pay
the salaries of former forces and incapable of integrating the militias into
The new Hamas government should concentrate more on bringing substantial
solutions for daily public concerns, which is the internal security in its
broadest meaning - not guns in the streets. The Hamas-led government would
be much better off focusing their attention and energies on the financial
and economic solutions for the devastating economic situation. The Hamas-led
government should start thinking of effective, realistic steps to end the
Palestinian crisis. The Palestinian people and their existence should be on
top of their agenda. Sacrifices are needed and the Government should start
by adopting the right policies, not by sacrificing the lives of the people.
Hamas must consider changing its dogmatic stands. First they could
concentrate on how to unify the Palestinian people, and if that isn’t
possible, they should think more on how to prevent a civil war, even if that
requires the government to resign and to call for new elections. This is not
the time to challenge ourselves with dangerous internal wars. The collective
interests of the Palestinian public should always be above the particular
interests of any one group or faction.
Further enhancing the chaos, it seems that Hamas itself isn't unified under
one leadership and one agenda. There seems to be real contradictions between
the positions of the internal Hamas leadership and the external leadership
in Damascus. It is becoming more apparent that there is a growing crisis
inside Hamas. Moreover, it is now obvious that PM Haniyeh has not won with
the full support of the Hamas leadership.
The external leadership of Hamas that controls Hamas’s militia (Al-Qasam
brigades) seems to remains a higher authority than the local leadership. The
local hardliners and the external leadership are working together on a
different agenda which is incompatible with the National Dialogue and that
will lead very soon to serious divisions inside Hamas.
Hamas’s external leadership, which is hosted by the Syrian government, is
playing into the hands of Syria and Iran to serve their regional interests.
This policy will exacerbate the Palestinian position and cause, and once
again, the Palestinian cause will be utilized by outsiders to serve their
own strategic and regional interests.
If the attempts of reaching national consensus fail, the Palestinian
President should think seriously about dissolving the government and calling
for an emergency government. This is not to counter Hamas and its strategy,
but rather for saving the Palestinians from total destruction and an endless
internal conflict. The Palestinian public is patient enough to give Hamas a
limited carte blanche to prove that they are capable, but as long Hamas is
not making progress, they should not forget that they are accountable to the
public and the public will not wait forever while the entire society is
deteriorating. They would be wise to make decisions in the best interests of
securing peace and security for Palestinians and in advancing what most
Palestinians want – the creation of an independent, sovereign and viable
state that will live in peace with its neighbors.
* Khaled Duzdar is the Co-Director of the Strategic Affairs Unit of IPCRI –
the Israel/Palestine Centre for Research and Information www.ipcri.org. This
article is distributed by the Common Ground News Service (CGNews) and can be
accessed at www.commongroundnews.org.
Source: The IPCRI News Service, June 1, 2006.
Visit The IPCRI News Service Online: www.ipcri.org
Distributed by the Common Ground News Service.
Copyright permission has been obtained for publication.
One bowl serves many
Rachel Shabi *
Tel-Aviv - Israeli and Palestinian artists have joined forces to send a
message of reconciliation. Their exhibition, which opened on Saturday, drew
more than 2,500 people to at the Museum of Israeli Art, Ramat Gan, in
suburban Tel Aviv.
‘Offering Reconciliation’ showcases the work of more than 130 Israeli and
Palestinian artists, who took part in the project for the Bereaved Families
Forum for Peace, Reconciliation and Tolerance. The group hopes to spread its
message to a wider audience through art.
"To reach a different people, you need different mediums," says Aziz Abu
Sarah, one of the forum directors. "Even people who disagree with our
message were able to come to the exhibition and see what we are doing."
The exhibition features artists such as Menashe Kadishman, Dani Karavan and
Mohammad Said Kalash alongside emerging talents.
Each artist was given an identical ceramic bowl from which to create their
"The bowl is connected with the basic gesture of feeding, or giving," says
Dafna Zmora, one of the exhibition curators. "It is something that contains
– a message or an idea." Some artists smashed the bowl and presented a work
from its pieces. Others built sculptures with the bowl as a base or used the
bowl as a canvas for paintings.
"They each took the commission in a personal direction, each with their own
interpretation of the reconciliation narrative and the elements that derive
from it – co-existence, pain and loss, fracture and unity," says Orna Tamir
Shastovitz, who led the initiative.
"Each one of the artists is presenting a special bowl of reconciliation, a
bowl of peace and hope, of art instead of animosity."
Aliza Olmert, wife of the Israeli prime minister, contributed to the show.
Her plate is painted black, with the Hebrew words: "Jews do not evict Arabs
do not evict Jews do not evict..." in a continuous loop covering the bowl.
Dalia Riesel, an Israeli artist, sculpted a pair of human hands emerging
from coiled rope onto a blood-red bowl. The hands are trying to grasp olive
leaves, the symbol of peace, which are scattered on the plate."The piece is
a woman's womb, covered with rope, with the hands emerging and trying to
reach the olive leaves," says Riesel. "The leaves are just out of reach, but
hopefully the hands will get there one day."
Jalal Kamel depicts a Palestinian man chiseling the word "peace" in three
languages on to a large stone. The stone is intended as a symbol of
Palestine – representing its buildings and its famous export, Kamel says.
"The message is very clear. The man is writing peace on the stone, a solid
thing in the ground that nobody can take out – no force, no state can remove
it," the Bethlehem artist says.
Kamel was one of the many Palestinian artists who could not attend the
exhibition. He was not granted a permit to enter Israel. Abu Sarah says only
about 20 Palestinians attended the opening."That's the sad part," he says.
"The government claims to want a peaceful solution, and then fights the
peaceful attempts of people such as ourselves."
The organisers plan to take the exhibition on tour, in Israel and Palestine
and then overseas.
The original idea had been to auction the pieces to raise funds for the
project – taking reconciliation workshops into Israeli and Palestinian
schools. However, James Wolfensohn, who stepped down recently as the special
envoy to the Quartet to the Middle East, donated money to the forum so the
works could remain together.
The bereaved families forum started in 1994 and is made up of hundreds of
Israelis and Palestinians who have lost loved ones in the conflict. The
forum has organised study days and seminars for adults and dialogue meetings
and summer camps for children.
Just after the start of the second intifada, the group took 1,200 fake
coffins bearing Israeli and Palestinian flags to the UN office in New York.
"We wanted to show that people dying is not just a number," says Abu Sarah.
At the opening of this latest show - which, according to the museum drew one
of its largest attendance figures - visitors crowded to see the display of
bowls, often lingering over a particular piece. "When I heard that there are
people who were willing to sit and speak and work together, I had to come
and see their exhibition," says Sarah Breitberg-Semel, a curator and
lecturer from Tel Aviv. "It is so much the opposite of what is happening on
a political level. I can't tell you how much of a strong impact that has on
* Rachel Shabi is the Tel-Aviv correspondent for Aljazeera. This article is
distributed by the Common Ground News Service (CGNews) and can be accessed
Source: Al Jazeera, May 16, 2006.
Visit Al Jazeera Online: http://english.aljazeera.net